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Malaysia to hold talks with China on AUKUS

By Ridzwan Rahmat 24 September 2021
Australia's Collins-class submarines seen here in formation off Western Australia. The country is procuring a fleet of nuclear-powered boats to replace the Collins class, and the move has evoked varied reactions from Canberra's Southeast Asian neighbours including Malaysia. (Commonwealth of Australia)  A Malaysian delegation will visit China to hold talks with the country's leadership on AUKUS and understand the concerns that Beijing may have over the newly announced partnership.  The matter was disclosed by the country's Defence Minister Hi...

Indian military begins adapting to climate-change challenges

By Dhanasree Jayaram & Caron Natasha Tauro 24 September 2021
India's Union Minister for Environment and Climate Change Bhupender Yadav and United States Special Presidential Envoy for Climate John Kerry launch the Climate Action and Finance Mobilisation Dialogue (CAFMD) under the India-US Climate and Clean Energy Agenda 2030 Partnership, in New Delhi, India, on 13 September 2021. India's armed forces are beginning to address the security challenges posed by climate change. (Arvind Yadav/Hindustan Times via Getty Images)  The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Sixth Assessment report (AR6)...

RN carrier Prince of Wales to complete operational generation on NATO exercise

By Dr. Lee Willett 24 September 2021
The RN's second-in-class aircraft carrier HMS   Prince of Wale  s (foreground), pictured sailing with sister ship   Queen Elizabeth  for the first time in the North Atlantic in May 2021.  (Crown copyright/UK Ministry of Defence)    The UK Royal Navy's (RN's) second-in-class aircraft carrier HMS   Prince of Wales  is participating in NATO Maritime Command's (MARCOM's) ‘Dynamic Mariner' exercise as a final sea trials phase for certifying its availability for operations.     On...

US Coast Guard lacks systematic process to improve surge operations, GAO reports

By Michael Fabey 22 September 2021
The US Coast Guard (USCG) needs to develop a better system to improve the way it conducts surge operations, according to 21 September report by the Government Accountability Office (GAO).  “The coastguard must often rely on surge operations to redu...

Australian nuclear sub decision driven by technology and Chinese assertiveness

By Julian Kerr 22 September 2021
Four of the RAN's six Collins-class submarines in close formation while transiting Cockburn Sound in Western Australia. These conventionally powered boats will now be replaced by a fleet with nuclear propulsion. (Lt C Prescott/Commonwealth of Australia)  Australia's far-reaching strategic decision to procure a fleet of nuclear-powered submarines with the assistance of the United States and United Kingdom was driven by three convergent situations, according to sources familiar with the background to the surprise 16 September announcement.  The...

IAEA again highlights Iranian nuclear concerns

By Srishti Punja 21 September 2021
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) officially released its quarterly report on Iran's nuclear programme on 16 September, revealing a significant decrease in the overall size of its uranium stockpile since the last report in May.  It esti...

British Army moves towards Land Industrial Strategy

By Tim Ripley 17 September 2021
A 20-year comprehensive road map for the British Army's future equipment requirements and spiral development plans is to be included in the United Kingdom's Land Industrial Strategy when it is revealed later this year.  Speaking at the DSEI exhibi...

UK PJHQ moves towards Multi-Domain Integration

By Tim Ripley 17 September 2021
Operational commanders are reorganising how the UK Permanent Joint Headquarters (PJHQ) conducts overseas missions in the era of great-power competition.  Speaking at the DSEI exhibition in London on 15 September, UK Chief of Joint Operations (CJO)...

Washington to review export policies for Ethiopia, Eritrea, and Cyprus

By Charles Forrester 17 September 2021
The US is ramping up export controls on Ethiopia and Eritrea in response to recent clashes between the two countries (Getty Images)  The US Department of State is preparing to add Ethiopia and Eritrea to its list of countries with a policy of denial for the transfer of military equipment under Section 126.1 of the International Traffic in Arms Regulation (ITAR), while extending its waiver for Cyprus, Janes has learnt.  The updated policy toward Ethiopia and Eritrea came as a result of the recent conflict in the Tigray region in northern Ethio...

DSEI 2021: UK Defence Secretary tries to calm rift with France over Australian submarine deal

By Tim Ripley 17 September 2021
UK Defence Secretary Ben Wallace has moved to calm a war of words with the French government over Australia's ditching of a deal to build conventionally powered submarines with French assistance in favour of nuclear-powered submarines based on UK a...

El Salvador aims to double size of military within five years

By Alejandro Sanchez 16 September 2021
El Salvador's President Nayib Bukele has announced plans to double the size of the Salvadoran military by 2026, from 20,000 up to 40,000 troops, in a bid to improve internal security against criminal gangs such as the Mara Salvatrucha, also known a...

DSEI 2021: Head of UK Strategic Command lays out new vision of military power

By Tim Ripley 16 September 2021
Future battlefield advantage will not come from numerical supremacy in warships, fighter squadrons or soldiers but machine learning and artificial intelligence (AI), according to the Head of UK Strategic Command, General Sir Patrick Sanders.  Speak...

Australian DoD's industrial security vetting criticised by national audit agency

By Julian Kerr 14 September 2021
The Australian National Audit Office (ANAO) has criticised the Department of Defence (DoD) in Canberra for failing to properly manage the security vetting of companies involved in delivering contracts worth more than AUD200 billion (USD146 billion)...

Australia to bolster defence ties with India, South Korea

By Gabriel Dominguez 13 September 2021
Australia has agreed to enhance defence and security co-operation with South Korea and India as part of a diplomatic push by Canberra to advance relationships with ‘close friends and strategic partners' in the Indo-Pacific region amid concerns abou...

US Air Force chief supports tying F-35 buy to O&S cost constraints

By Pat Host 13 September 2021
A USAF F-35A flies over the Toronto waterfront on 3 Sept 2021 during the 2021 Canadian International Air Show. Proposed US legislation would limit the total quantity of F-35s that could be procured and maintained by the US military services based on O&S cost targets. (US Air Force)  The US Air Force's (USAF's) top officer supports proposed legislation that would limit the total quantity of Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II Joint Strike Fighters (JSFs) that could be procured and maintained by the US military services based on operations and s...

20 years after 9/11: The evolving transnational militant Islamist threat landscape

By Janes Terrorism and Insurgency Centre 08 September 2021
Two decades have now passed since Al-Qaeda militants targeted the United States mainland on 11 September 2001. Since the attacks, the fight against transnational militant Islamism has dominated security agendas in the US, Europe, and beyond, costing the US alone over USD 5.4 trillion and claiming the lives of more than 7,000 US military personnel globally. Despite these costs, the threat from militant Islamism has persisted – and indeed proliferated – since September 2001. At this 20-year mark, Janes Terrorism & Insurgency Centre (JTIC) data...

Taliban announce interim government in Afghanistan

By Gabriel Dominguez & Olivia Harper 08 September 2021
More than three weeks after taking control of Kabul, the Taliban announced on 7 September the formation of an interim government in Afghanistan featuring some cabinet members that are on a UN sanctions list and an acting interior minister who is on the FBI's wanted list.  Heading the caretaker government as acting prime minister of the ‘Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan', which is how the country will once again be formally called, will be Mullah Mohammad Hassan Akhund, one of the group's founding members, with Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar, head o...

Crunch point approaching for EU goal of creating rapid entry force

By Brooks Tigner 03 September 2021
Spurred in part by the debacle of the withdrawal from Afghanistan, the EU's top security policy official said the moment is approaching for the Europeans to seriously consider creating a rapid reaction intervention force – and to overhaul how they would agree to use it in future.  EU foreign and security policy chief Josep Borell (left) told journalists after an informal defence ministers meeting on 2 September that they had discussed the creation of a European rapid reaction intervention force, which Slovenian Defence Minister Matej Tonin (r...

Tracking wildfires through open-source data

By Wim Zwijnenburg 27 August 2021
Large wildfires have spread throughout the world in mid-2021, in part attributed to climate change and the direct and long-term risk that it poses to lives, livelihoods, and ecosystems. Tens of thousands of people have had to flee their homes and firefighters have struggled to contain outbreaks in Algeria, Canada, France, Greece, Israel, Italy, Lebanon, Mozambique, Russia (Siberia), Turkey, and the United States.  Early warning and monitoring systems are crucial for local authorities, citizens, researchers, and media outlets to rapidly identi...

Climate change drives security risks around US border

By James Blake 23 August 2021
Climate change, in addition to the criminal activity of organised crime gangs (OCGs) and systemic violence in impoverished locations, continues to drive forced migration to the US and elsewhere from the Central American region. Migration from the south has dominated the political agendas of former President Donald Trump and current President Joe Biden. The issue has driven violent protests and terrorist attacks such as the August 2019 mass shooting in El Paso, Texas, in which 23 mainly Latino people were killed.  Migration continues to motiv...
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