Iran unveils longer-range SAM

by Jeremy Binnie

The missile labelled as a Sayyad-4B in the unveiling ceremony looked like the original Sayyad-4 but different from the SAM shown in the Sayyad-4B test. (

The Iranian military unveiled the longer-range Sayyad-4B surface-to-air missile (SAM) for its Bavar-373 air-defence system on 6 November.

The missile was unveiled during a ceremony attended by Minister of Defence Brigadier General Mohammad Reza Ashtiani and Islamic Republic of Iran Air Defense Force (IRIADF) Commander Brigadier General Alireza Sabahifard.

The Iranian media reported that the missile has successfully engaged a target at more than 300 km during a test, up from the 200 km earlier achieved. It was also reported that the missile's maximum altitude has been increased from 27 to 32 km.

The Bavar-373 radars have also been improved, and during the test detected the target at a distance of 450 km, up from 350 km, and tracked it at 405 km, up from 260 km.

The Tasnim News Agency quoted Brig Gen Sabahifard as saying that the target drone was destroyed at an altitude of 40,000 ft (12.2 km).

In October, the IRIADF commander was quoted as saying that trials of the Bavar-373 had begun at a range of 300 km.

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Ukraine conflict: Germany pays for US HIMARS for Kyiv, Canada provides air-defence funding

by Nicholas Fiorenza

Germany will pay for three US HIMARSs for Ukraine. (Janes/Patrick Allen)

German Defence Minister Boris Pistorius announced during a visit to Washington, DC on 8–9 May that Berlin would pay for US High-Mobility Artillery Rocket Systems (HIMARSs) for Ukraine. Germany will pay for three HIMARSs from US stocks.

During Pistorius's visit to Ottawa on 10 May, Canadian Minister of National Defence Bill Blair signed an agreement with his German counterpart to contribute CAD76 million (USD55.6 million) to the Immediate Action on Air Defence (IAAD) initiative. Launched by Germany in April, the initiative pools money and resources from the international community to quickly source and deliver air-defence systems for Ukraine.

The Netherlands is contributing EUR150 million (USD162 million) to the IAAD.

Germany is providing an additional Patriot air-defence system to Ukraine. This is in addition to two already supplied.

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Feature: US Army's race for new howitzers, munitions takes off after modernisation effort scuttled

by Meredith Roaten

In March, the US Army demonstrated its new ERCA capability at Yuma Proving Ground, Arizona. (Janes/Ashley Roque)

US land forces want an artillery system that is more mobile and more lethal. While cutting-edge technology development failed to produce a production-ready system, the US Army is readjusting its acquisition approach and concepts of operations for artillery.

The army has determined that its Extended Range Cannon Artillery (ERCA) Program of Record is not an option for future artillery warfare, Doug Bush, assistant secretary of the army for acquisition, logistics, and technology, announced in March 2024. This decision and more on advanced artillery technology stemmed from a tactical fires study that was completed in 2023 and has not been publicly released, said General James Rainey, commanding general of Army Futures Command (AFC).

ERCA was scheduled to transition to the major capability acquisition pathway after five years of research, development, test, and evaluation (RDT&E), according to the US Government Accountability Office. The army applied for a waiver for an additional year of RDT&E but was denied by the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment.

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Italy's Grifo test-fired and qualified with CAMM-ER missile

by Nicholas Fiorenza

The Italian Army's Grifo air-defence system being tested and qualified with CAMM-ER. (MBDA)

The Italian Army's Grifo (Griffon) air-defence system has been test-fired and qualified with the Common Anti-air Modular Missile Extended Range (CAMM-ER) missile, MBDA announced in a press release on 8 May. The company said it was the first time the Grifo's Command Post and Engagement Module (Posto Comando Modulo di Ingaggio: PCMI) integrated with the missile launcher and CAMM-ER missile was tested-fired and qualified.

The test was conducted against a target drone simulating an attack by an enemy aircraft, confirming the defence capabilities and performance of both the missile and the entire system in an integrated mode, according to MBDA.

During the test, the PCMI detected the target drone, which was in attack mode, and then identified and classified the threat, evaluated how to defend against it, and ordered the launch of CAMM-ER to neutralise it. The trial also verified the correct functioning of the two-way datalink between CAMM-ER and the Grifo ground system, MBDA added.

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The Iranian military unveiled the longer-range Sayyad 4B surface-to-air missile (SAM) for its Bavar-...

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