UK develops test and evaluation capability for autonomous systems
06 December 2023
by Olivia Savage
A trial held at Radnor Range, Wales, in October demonstrated how a blend of live and synthetic environments can be used to assure artificial intelligence. (Crown Copyright)
The UK Ministry of Defence (MoD) announced on 4 December that they have developed, alongside a consortium of companies, a new test and evaluation (T&E) capability for the assurance of autonomous systems under Project Zeus.
Led by Radnor Range, the new capability blends live and synthetic evaluation techniques to create a fast and more efficient approach to the T&E of autonomous systems. This involves using a synthetic, multilayered representation of a live range to generate evidence that is then tested and validated in live environments. This approach was successfully demonstrated on behalf of the Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (Dstl) over a three-day period at Radnor Range, Wales.
This new agile approach can be used throughout the life cycle of a capability, from the very first concept through to acceptance in service and to end-of-life disposal. This should permit the latest autonomous technology to reach the hands of the military user faster, the MoD detailed.
US Marine Corps pinning tactical vehicle budget decisions on infantry experiment
31 January 2024
by Meredith Roaten
The US Marine Corps ACV is designed to deploy off the back of a ship and swim in open waters as well as operate in littoral environments. (US Marine Corps)
Amphibious combat vehicles (ACVs) and other tactical vehicles find themselves with an uncertain future until after the US Marine Corps (USMC) finishes its Infantry Battalion Experimentation (IBX), service officials said in January.
The USMC first released its Ground Combat and Tactical Vehicle Strategy (GCTVS) in 2021, but service leaders have since incorporated the vehicle strategy into the budgeting process, said Kevin McConnell, deputy director for fires and manoeuvre at USMC Ground Combat Element division. The ACV, Ultra-Light Tactical Vehicle (ULTV), and Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV) will be part of the USMC's analysis of IBX “to see if that is going to warrant reprioritisation of our vehicle procurements”, he told Janes in an interview on 18 January.
EU explores harnessing Copernicus for military applications
29 January 2024
by Olivia Savage
Sentinel‐1A, launched in 2014, was the first Earth-observation satellite built for Europe's Copernicus programme. (ESA)
The European Union (EU) awarded separate contracts to two consortiums led by Telespazio and OHB System on 23 January to explore the feasibility of exploiting the Copernicus Earth-observation constellation for defence.
The two contracts were awarded as part of the Earth Observation Governmental Service (EOGS), which seeks to bolster the defence and security of the EU member states. The selected consortiums will now compete to explore how best to deliver and implement the service under two simultaneous 12-month long studies.
Work will commence in the first quarter of 2024 and may include the development of new satellite-based reconnaissance capabilities at the European level. The aim is to make the service available to the EU and its member statesin the next EU Multiannual Financial Framework (2028–34).
Germany-based OHB System is leading one of the studies in conjunction with French CS Group and OHB Digital Connect. The contract is valued at EUR2.4 million (USD2.6 million) and includes additional partners: Geosystems, OHB Digital Services, Tekever, Geo4i, OHB Sweden, Officina Stellare, and Bird & Bird.
Pakistan's retaliatory strike on 18 January was in response to an Iranian attack on 16 January. PAF assets at Shahbaz airbase and Turbat International Airport were possibly used in the strike. (Janes)
Pakistan's military conducted a retaliatory airstrike on Iran on 18 January in response to Tehran using missiles and an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) on
alleged insurgents in western Pakistan on 16 January.
Pakistan military's Inter Services Public Relations (ISPR) Directorate said on 18 January that the Pakistan Air Force (PAF) had struck targets inside Iran using “UAVs, rockets, loitering munitions, and stand-off weapons” that morning.
According to the ISPR, the targets were strongholds and hideouts of the Balochistan Liberation Army (BLA) and Balochistan Liberation Front (BLF). These groups seek greater autonomy in southwestern Pakistan's Balochistan
region. Islamabad identifies both groups as terrorist organisations.
Pakistan's Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MoFA) said on 18 January that the attacks were conducted on locations in the Sistan-o-Baluchestan province in eastern Iran. An MoFA spokesperson said that the PAF strikes were conducted “in light of credible evidence of impending large-scale terrorist activity against Pakistan”.
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