India poised to sign AK-203 deal with Russia

by Rahul Bedi

India is expected to sign a deal with Russia in December to locally produce about 700,000 Kalashnikov AK-203 assault rifles (seen here) for the Indian military. (Dmitry Fediushko)

The Ministry of Defence (MoD) in New Delhi is set to finalise an agreement with Russia to locally produce 700,000 Kalashnikov AK-203 assault rifles for the Indian armed forces. The deal is expected to be completed during Russian President Vladimir Putin's visit to India in early December.

Senior Indian Army (IA) officers and industry officials told Janes on 16 November that matters related to royalty payments, which Russia had previously demanded, have now been resolved and a INR51.24 billion (USD687.7 million) contract will be signed next month.

“After months of extensive negotiations, Russia had opted to waive the royalty clause in the contract in keeping with India's demands,” former Brigadier Rahul Bhonsle of Security-Risks, a defence management consultancy in New Delhi, said. The production of the rifles is expected to begin in early 2022, he added.


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Canadian defence plan costs increase by CAD51.5 billion, says PBO

by Jeremiah Cushman

Changes to the projected spending profile for Canada's Strong, Secure, Engaged defence policy over time. (Canadian Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer)

Projected capital spending under Canada's Strong, Secure, Engaged (SSE) defence policy has increased by CAD51.5 billion (USD38 billion) since 2022, according to the Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer (PBO), a nonpartisan agent of the Canadian Parliament.

The SSE policy, unveiled in June 2017, projected CAD553 billion in spending over a 20-year period ending in 2036–37. This included CAD164 billion for capital acquisitions. The PBO's report in 2022 put the capital spending envelope at CAD163.3 billion, which increased to CAD214.8 billion in the report published on 28 February.

The new report said it used updated figures from all SSE capital projects provided by the Department of National Defence (DND) as of August 2023.

The CAD51.5 billion increase is attributed to new North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) modernisation projects and delays in existing projects, causing some short-term expenditures to be pushed into later years.


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US to initiate deliveries of Taiwan's M1A2 Abrams tanks, HIMARS in 2024

by Kapil Kajal

The M1A2 Abrams MBTs – pictured above from a US Army exercise – are protected by composite armours, armed with a 120 mm smoothbore gun, and powered by a bespoke gas-turbine engine. (US Army)

The Republic of China Army (RoCA) will receive 38 M1A2 Abrams main battle tanks (MBTs), 11 M142 High-Mobility Artillery Rocket Systems (HIMARS) and associated ammunition, and 81 ‘BGM‐71F tube-launched, optically tracked, wire-guided (TOW) 2B' anti-tank guided missiles (ATGMs) from the United States in 2024, a RoCA officer told Janes on 3 March.

The RoCA will receive 42 Abrams in 2025 and 28 in 2026, the officer said. “18 additional HIMARS will be delivered to the RoCA in 2026,” the officer added.

Taiwan signed a letter of offer and acceptance (LOA) with the US in December 2019 to procure 108 Abrams. Once inducted, the Abrams MBTs are expected to replace RoCA's ageing assets, including US-built M60A3 MBTs and locally built CM11 MBTs.


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Holding steady: Asia-Pacific defence spending shows signs of ‘normality'

by Andrew MacDonald

China accounted for 46% of total APAC defence spending in 2024. (Janes)

In a global geopolitical and economic context of ever-increasing uncertainty, Asia-Pacific's defence spending growth in 2024 is, at first glance at least, remarkably pedestrian – even subdued. With a significant proportion of the region's budgets published at least in draft form, military expenditure in Asia in the year is expected to have risen to USD603.9 billion.

This represents a nominal rise of 4.9% but is just 2.1% larger after the effects of inflation are taken into account. By the latter measure, spending is calculated to be USD12.1 billion higher than in 2023 – compared with an average annual expansion of almost USD22 billion over the previous five years.

This represents a significant slowdown in the rate of spending growth, which spiked to 7.5% year on year in 2023, when Asia-Pacific countries added more than USD41.5 billion to their total defence spend; the most in dollar terms than in any year on Janes record.


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The Ministry of Defence (MoD) in New Delhi is set to finalise an agreement with Russia to locally pr...

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