Changing tack: Pakistan Navy transforms amid increasing Indian Ocean rivalries

by Ridzwan Rahmat

The Pakistan Navy's Zulfiquar-class frigate, PNS Saif , is seen firing anti-submarine mortars at Exercise ‘Aman 2021' in the Arabian Sea near the port city of Karachi. (ASIF HASSAN/AFP via Getty Images)

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On the night of 4 December 1971, an Indian Navy strike force consisting of three Vidyut-class missil...

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