The Congolese military announced on 10 November that security forces had killed Hutu militia leader Juvenal Musabimana (alias Jean-Michel Africa) and four of his bodyguards during “an intense clash” in Binza in the Rutshuru district of Nord Kivu province, close to the border with Uganda, the day before.
Musabimana was the leader of the Ralliement pour l’Unité et la Démocratie – Urunana (RUD-Urunana), which split from the region’s main Hutu militant group, the Forces Démocratiques de Libération du Rwanda (FDLR), in 2007 following an alleged leadership dispute over financing.
Originally several hundred strong, RUD-Urunana’s military capabilities have declined in recent years following the death of founding leader Jean-Damascène Ndibabaje (alias Musare) in unexplained circumstances in February 2016.
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