Palestinian Authority (PA) President Mahmoud Abbas swore in a new government on 13 April. In contrast to the previous cabinet, headed by Rami Hamdallah as prime minister, who resigned in January, the new government is less technocratic and has a greater affiliation to Abbas’s Fatah Party – the largest party group represented in the Palestinian Legislative Council. The new prime minister, Mohammed Shtayyeh, is a long-standing ally of Abbas and has previously served as his adviser. Notably, Hamas, Palestinian Jihad, and other Palestinian factions favouring armed resistance to Israel either boycotted the negotiations or were excluded.
Significance: The overwhelmingly pro-Fatah orientation of the government means that any political reconciliation between Fatah and Hamas is unlikely in the foreseeable future.
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