Land Platforms

US Army ramps up Robotic Combat Vehicle development efforts

30 January 2019

The US Army is converting some of its M113 armoured personnel carriers into armed robotic platforms to validate technologies that can support manned-unmanned teaming operations. Source: IHS Markit/Patrick Allen

The US Army is on schedule to begin operational user testing of legacy M113 tracked armoured personnel carriers, converted to armed robotic platforms, later this year with real-world experimentation trials expected to inform future requirements for the Robotic Combat Vehicle (RCV) element of the service's Next-Generation Combat Vehicle (NGCV) programme.

The converted M113s will act as surrogate vehicles for what a next-generation RCV could look like as part of the service's plans to introduce manned-unmanned teaming (MUM-T) in ground manoeuvre combat. The army is currently looking at options for a light (L), medium (M), and heavy (H) RCV.

The vision for the RCV is to replicate similar capabilities already found in the air domain and enable soldiers to control robotic ground vehicles from a manned platform, reducing risk and increasing stand-off distances for personnel.

The US Army's Tank Automotive Research, Development and Engineering Center (TARDEC) is leading these efforts, taking legacy M113s and adding appliqué "drive-by-wire" kits to enable teleoperated and autonomous operation.

"Right now, we are doing integration on the platforms and we are still doing our engineering shakedown and test," Dr Robert Sadowski, TARDEC's chief roboticist, told Jane's .

"Fourth quarter of [fiscal year] 2019 is when weʼre targeting to have these things available for soldiers to test and play with the surrogates," he added.

Safety testing is expected to take place at Aberdeen Proving Ground between June and August with the Army Test and Evaluation Command (ATEC).

This surrogate project builds on TARDEC's existing Wingman Joint Capability Technology Demonstration, during which a Humvee was fitted with a remote weapon station and converted for autonomous operations. This platform successfully carried out Scout Gunnery Table VI qualifications at Fort Benning in 2017, which ground combat crews usually complete before they can safely participate in higher-echelon live-fire exercises at section and platoon levels.

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