South Africa's Milkor has developed a new protected vehicle, the Milkor 4×4, using internal research and development funding.
Development began in 2017 and the first prototype was rolled out in August 2018. The vehicle is now undergoing company trials before the design is finalised, including a series of ballistic tests to provide its hull design.
To reduce through-life-cycle costs, the Milkor 4×4 is based on an Italian Iveco Trakker chassis. It is fitted with an all-welded steel body, with the protected engine compartment at the front and the crew compartment extended to the rear.
The Milkor hull is all-welded steel armour and conforms to level B7 small-arms ballistic protection. The lower half is a traditional V-shape to provide protection against mines and improvised explosive devices (IEDs). According to the company, the hull was designed to withstand a 7 kg anti-tank mine (ATM) exploding under it, and a double ATM of an unspecified type exploding under a wheel.
A typical crew includes the commander, driver, and eight dismounts that are seated in a rear troop compartment: four on either side facing inwards on blast-attenuating seats. The crew can rapidly enter or leave via a large power-operated ramp in the rear with integrated steps. The vehicle features bullet-/splinter-proof windows and four roof hatches that can be locked in the vertical position to provide protection for troops firing weapons.
The front protected power pack consists of an Iveco diesel generating 179 kW, coupled to an Allison 3000 series automatic transmission with one reverse and five forward gears. This gives a maximum road speed of 110 km/h and a maximum range of 1,000 km.
Steering is power assisted on the front wheels. The first example vehicle is not fitted with a central tyre inflation system, but this will be a future option.
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