Country Risk

Russian response to NATO presence in Black Sea region likely to include airspace violations and cyber-attacks

13 October 2017


On 9 October, NATO inaugurated its Multinational Division Southeast, headquartered in Craiova, southern Romania, and in place since June.

The formation of the division is in accordance with the decision from the Warsaw summit in July 2016 to strengthen NATO's land, air, and sea presence in the Black Sea region. The formation is NATO's standing ground force element in the region and will include a 4,000-strong brigade from Romania. The force will be supported by nine other NATO countries, including Poland, Bulgaria, and Hungary. Plans also envisage an increased NATO maritime presence in the Black Sea. On 9 October, in Bucharest, Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg noted Romania's leading role in NATO's Cyber Defence Trust Fund for Ukraine, established in September 2014.

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