The Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) was given the ability to identify the perpetrators of chemical attacks in Syria during a special session of signatory states on 27 June.
Despite opposition from Russia and 23 other states, a majority of 82 approved a British proposal that called on the OPCW Secretariat to “put in place arrangements to identify the perpetrators of the use of chemical weapons in the Syrian Arab Republic”.
The UN Security Council previously tasked the Joint Investigative Mechanism to perform this role, but Russia refused to renew its mandate in November 2017 unless it withdrew its conclusion that the Syrian military was responsible for a sarin attack on 4 April 2017.
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