The Russian Navy's Pacific Fleet has deployed batteries of the 3K60 Bal (SSC-6 'Sennight') and the K300P Bastion-P (SSC-5 'Stooge') coastal defence systems to the disputed Kuril Islands in the Pacific Ocean, the fleet's newspaper, Boyevaya Vakhta, was quoted by Russia's RT television network as saying.
The Bastion-P anti-ship missile system has been installed on Iturup/Etorofu, while the Bal system has been deployed on Kunashir/Kunashiri Island, according to the report, which added that training and test launches of the systems are set to be conducted "in the near future".
Russian defence minister Sergei Shoigu had announced in March that the mobile coastal defence systems would be deployed this year to the Kuril archipelago - parts of which are also claimed by Japan - along with a new generation of Eleron-3 unmanned aerial vehicles. Russia also announced in June that it was considering setting up a Pacific Fleet base on Matua Island, which is not claimed by Japan.
Moscow and Tokyo never signed a peace treaty after the Second World War because of conflicting claims over the islands north of the Japanese island of Hokkaido, which Japan calls its Northern Territories and Russia refers to as the Southern Kurils. The longstanding feud relates to a few islands (Iturup/Etorofu, Kunashir/Kunashiri, and Shikotan) and the rocky Habomai islets, all of which Russia seized after the Second World War.
The guided supersonic ramjet-powered P-800 Oniks missile used by the Bastion-P system has a cruise speed of 750 m/s at high altitude (14 km or 50,000 ft) and 680 m/s at low altitude (between 10 to 20 m).
Ranges depend on the flight profile, with a low-high-low profile giving a maximum range of 300 km, whereas the low-low-low profile results in a maximum range of 120 km.
The P-800 missile carries a 200 kg semi-armour piercing (SAP) high-explosive (HE) warhead that is delay-fuzed so as to detonate within the target.
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