Land Platforms

Ukraine National Guard to receive BTR-4s

06 April 2014
Ukraine's new National Guard is set to receive BTR-4 armoured fighting vehicles Source: Ukroboronprom

The Ukraine National Guard will soon receive 74 new armoured personnel carriers, national defence industrial group Ukroboronprom announced on 2 April 2014.

The National Guard was formed by Ukraine in early March in response to the Crimean crisis and subsequent stand-off with Russia. It is reported to have a target strength of 60,000, comprised in large part of reservists, and is backed by a USD700 million rise in the country's defence budget.

According to the Ukroboronprom announcement, the National Guard will imminently receive 74 of a planned 100 vehicles built by the Kharkiv Morozov Machine Building Design Bureau (KMDB).

Of this total, 58 will be of KMDB's BTR-4 8x8 armoured personnel carrier (APC), in four variants: 41 BTR-4E APCs, 7 BTR-4K command post vehicles, 2 BTR-4KSh command and staff vehicles, and 8 BMM-4S recovery vehicles. However, only 42 of these are currently fully equipped and 'combat ready', Ukroboronprom noted (29 BTR-4E, 5 BTR-4K, 2 BTR-4KSh, and 6 BMM-4S).

The BTR-4 is Ukraine's newest and flagship 8x8 armoured vehicle, the first prototype of which was only unveiled in 2006. The 19-tonne vehicle features a three-man crew and can carry nine dismounts. It is typically fitted with a BM-7 Parus Overhead Weapon Station (OWS) armed with a 30 mm ZTM-1 autocannon, a 7.62 mm co-axial machine gun, and a bank of two anti-tank guided weapons (ATGWs).

Additionally the National Guard is set to receive 5 BTR-3E 8x8 APCs, 10 BTR-80 8x8 APCs, and 1 BTR-70DI APC. These vehicles are currently in stock or set to be refurbished by the Kyiv Armour Plant, the Zhytomyr Armour Plant, and the Mykolayiv Armour Plant.

"This technology will significantly enhance the combat capabilities of units of the National Guard of Ukraine", said Acting Director General of Ukroboronprom Yuri Tereshchenko.

ANALYSIS

Ukraine is keen to emphasise its efforts to create and bolster the National Guard with new equipment - which would otherwise effectively be a paper force.

However, the quantity, designations, and availability of the vehicles points to them being vehicles rejected and returned by export customers. To date, Ukraine is only known to have ordered 10 BTR-4 vehicles, although the type's only known export customer, Iraq, ordered 420 in 2009.

Iraq has, however, complained about the quality of the BTR-4s it has received, with issues reported to have been found with the first batch of vehicles' 30 mm ZTM-1 autocannons. These issues are understood to have eventually been resolved, with Iraq reportedly happy with the second batch of vehicles.

However, the third batch of vehicles, understood to include around 40 vehicles, was returned to Ukraine after cracks were reportedly found in the vehicle's hulls. Given the similarity in the number of BTR-4s in the returned Iraq shipment and the Ukraine delivery, it appears likely that the vehicles destined for the Ukraine National Guard come from this returned batch. The readiness of the vehicles for delivery also appears to confirm this, with it taking around two years to build an APC such as the BTR-4 from order to delivery. With the vehicle type only in mass production for Iraq it is highly likely that the vehicles either come from a future part of the Iraqi order, or - more likely - the returned shipment.

Additionally, the designations of BTR-4 variants Ukroboronprom refers to match the variants of those ordered by Iraq. In particular the usage of the BTR-4E designation, understood to be reserved for the export version of the BTR-4, would appear to confirm that these vehicles were originally destined for export.



(585 words)
By posting a comment you confirm that you have read and accept our Posting Rules and our Terms of Use of this site.

RELEVANT PROFILE LISTINGS

  • 155 mm/52-calibre Firtina self-propelled gun

    Development To meet its operational requirements for a new 155 mm/52-calibre full-tracked self-propelled gun to supplement its older upgraded M44 and M52 155 mm/39-calibre systems, the Turkish Land Forces Command (TLFC) selected a version of the Republic of Korea Samsung Techwin K9 Thunder. This

  • Doher 155 mm self-propelled howitzer

    Development The Israel Defense Force has taken delivery of at least 530 BAE Systems (previously United Defense) 155 mm M109 series self-propelled howitzers from the US. It is believed that Israel placed its first production order for the M109 in 1969 and this consisted of 24 units. Many additional

  • Nimr Automotive Nimr family of armoured personnel carriers and variants

    Development In the past the Nimr family of 4 × 4 and 6 × 6 vehicles was originally manufactured in Jordan but today all design, development and production is undertaken in Abu Dhabi in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Nimr Automotive is a subsidiary of Tawazun Holding and is expanding the

  • Otokar Ural (4 × 4) armoured personnel carrier

    Development Based on their experience in the design, development and production of the Cobra (4 × 4) and Arma (6 × 6 and 8 × 8) range of armoured vehicles which are covered in separate entries in IHS Jane's Land Warfare Platforms Armoured Fighting Vehicles, Otokar have developed the

  • UralVagonZavod T-55AM Modernised MBT

    Development While the Russian T-55 Main Battle Tank (MBT) has been phased out of front line service with the Russian Army and most European countries, significant numbers of these and the earlier T-54 MBT remain in service all over the world. As a result of downsizing in Europe, well over 1,650

ADVERTISEMENT

Industry Links

IHS Jane's is not responsible for the content within or linking from Industry Links pages.
ADVERTISEMENT