07 March 2022
by Jon Grevatt & Andrew MacDonald
Janes estimates China's 2022 defence budget to be USD58 billion more than the official figure, bringing the total to CNY1.82 trillion or USD287.8 billion. Janes ' figures include soldiers' pensions and a portion of national R&D expenditure. (Janes Defence Budgets)
The Chinese government has announced a 2022 defence budget of CNY1.45 trillion (USD229.5 billion), a nominal year-on-year increase of 7.1%.
The expenditure – announced on 5 March at the opening session of the annual National People's Congress (NPC) – represents the seventh consecutive year of single-digit growth.
It is also the highest increase since the start of the pandemic. Increases in 2020 and 2021 were recorded at 6.6% and 6.8% respectively. The official defence budget in 2021 was CNY1.35 trillion.
China's state-run Xinhua News Agency said the increased defence expenditure will help “provide the forces with better training and more advanced equipment. It [will] also support the military in tackling non-conventional security threats such as major epidemics and natural disasters”.
A ‘work report' issued at the NPC by Premier Li Keqiang said the increase is aligned with China's military goals. These include the target to achieve “military development” by 2027, the 100th anniversary of the founding of the People's Liberation Army (PLA), and “military modernisation” by 2035.
The work report also outlines a requirement for China to accelerate improvements in logistics capability, military training and combat readiness, and defence science and technology. The report also called for deeper reforms to enhance military professionalism, asset management, and recruitment.
The defence budget was announced against a background of increased tensions between China and Taiwan, the island neighbour Beijing regards as a province.
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The Chinese government has announced a 2022 defence budget of CNY1.45 trillion (USD229.5 billion), a...