Ukraine conflict: Ukraine's electronic warfare systems in focus

by Sunil JB Babu & Huw Williams

The Bukovel-AD system is intended to be used primarily as a counter-UAV system. (Mikhail Zhirohov)

The Ukrainian armed forces have acquired and fielded a range of electronic warfare (EW) systems in recent years, with a mix of new equipment and improved legacy systems.

Most of the development has taken place since Russia annexed Crimea in 2014, and was driven by its support for the breakaway regions of Donetsk and Luhansk, which has seen Russian forces employ a range of EW assets.

Counter-unmanned aerial vehicle (C-UAV), direction finding, communications jamming, and precision-guided weapon jamming capabilities have been developed. Among these is the Bukovel-AD anti-UAV system, which was developed specifically to counter the Orlan-10 UAV that is employed as an EW asset to intercept and jam 3G, 4G, and Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) cellular communications, as well as to broadcast text messages.

Developed by Proximus – a private Ukrainian company – the Bukovel-AD can detect UAVs operating as far away as 100 km, with an effective range of up to 50 km. On detection of the UAV, the system can employ radio frequency (RF) countermeasures that are designed to interfere with the datalink between the UAV and its ground control station (GCS). It can jam the Global Positioning System (GPS) and Global Navigation Satellite System (GLONASS) control and navigation signals, with a maximum suppression range of 16 km. During the Russian troop buildup ahead of its invasion of Ukraine, the Bukovel-AD was deployed in the Donbas region and tested against the Orlan-10.

The frequent use of UAVs by the Russian-backed rebels in the Donbas was the driver behind the development of the Nota EW system. Nota is designed to provide perimeter protection, detecting and jamming UAVs at a maximum range of 20 km. The system also has the ability to jam cellular communications within 1 km. It is intended to operate predominantly in a silent or stealth mode, and only directs its jamming function upon the detection of a threat.

In addition to its C-UAV role, Nota also provides direction-finding capabilities to detect RF signals – GSM, VHF, LTE, and CDMA – radar emission in the L, S, C, and X frequency bands, and the GPS, GLONASS, and BeiDou satellite systems. At the 2019 Arms & Security Expo, the system's manufacturer, Tritel, introduced a mobile version of Nota that enables the crew to quickly move the system to a new position.

The Mandat-B1E R-330UM radio communication jamming complex is an evolved system. It is designed to gather data on emission sources and then radiate a targeted barrage jamming signal or conduct selective jamming within an area. The system also aids in identifying and locating unit movements and disposition based on radio emissions. Furthermore, it can interfere with fixed or programmable communications frequencies via a frequency-hopping technique.

The ability to jam and interfere with the control and telemetry channels used by precision-guided munitions – and UAVs – is brought by the Anklav system, which is designed to suppress in the 400–2,500 MHz frequency range. It has a stated operating range of up to 40 km using directional antennas, and up to 20 km with omnidirectional antennas.

Germany orders simulators for Puma IFVs

by Olivia Savage

The Bundeswehr has ordered 258 sets of AGDUS systems for its Puma IFVs following successful integration tests. (PSM GmbH)

The Bundeswehr is receiving new training simulators for its Puma infantry fighting vehicles (IFVs).

In total, 258 sets of Training Device, Duel Simulator (Ausbildungsgerät Duellsimulator: AGDUS) systems are being delivered for the Puma IFVs by the end of 2026, the Bundeswehr announced on 15 April.

The EUR109 million (USD116 million) contract will be financed from the EUR100 billion Bundeswehr special fund.

A Rheinmetall/Krauss-Maffei Wegmann (KMW) consortium received an order from the Bundeswehr in December 2019 valued at EUR54 million for the provision of six AGDUS systems for integration tests on the Puma. Full-scale serial production of AGDUS would then begin once testing was complete, with up to 252 Puma IFVs being equipped with the systems for EUR88 million.

A Rheinmetall spokesperson confirmed to Janes that the company, along with KMW+Nexter Defense Systems (KNDS) Germany, are supplying the new AGDUS simulators to the Bundeswehr and that full-scale production has now officially begun.


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Hadean, 4C Strategies integrate products to reduce training burden

by Giles Ebbutt

A screenshot of the Hadean POLI constructive simulation displayed through the 4C Strategies Exonaut training management software. (Hadean)

Hadean and 4C Strategies have successfully integrated a constructive simulation with Exonaut exercise management software, utilising Hadean's spatial computing platform.

The integrated solution, displayed at the International Training Technology Exhibition & Conference (IT²EC) 2024 in London, enabled Hadean's Pattern of Life Indicator (POLI) constructive simulation to be controlled from within 4C Strategies Exonaut software.

Exonaut is widely used in the UK and NATO as an exercise management tool, while constructive simulation is fundamental to effective command and staff training. Integrating the two previously separate functions offers the potential to improve training.

Explaining the integration, Paul Steel, UK military sales director for 4C Strategies, told Janes


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Thales to supply Netherlands with seven additional radars

by Olivia Savage

The Netherlands has ordered seven additional GM200 MM/C radars from Thales after having ordered an initial nine in February 2019. Pictured is the first GM200 MM/C radar being handed over to the Royal Netherlands Army in Hengelo in February 2024. (Dutch MoD/Sgt Maj Gregory Fréni)

The Dutch Command Materiel and IT (COMMIT) procurement authority has ordered seven additional Ground Master 200 Multi-Mission/Compact (GM200 MM/C) radars from Thales.

The contract includes an option for two additional radars, according to a Thales announcement on 15 April.

The GM200 MM/C is a compact mobile radar that can detect, track, and classify a large number of targets including rockets, artillery shells, mortar rounds, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), aircraft, helicopters, and cruise missiles.

For the Royal Netherlands Army (RNLA), the radars will be mounted on Scania Gryphus 8×8 trucks to enable rapid deployment.

A Thales spokesperson was unable to comment to Janes on the delivery timeframes.

This latest contract follows an initial agreement in February 2019 for nine GM200 MM/C radars for EUR100–250 million (USD106–266 million) to replace its legacy TPQ-36 radars. Deliveries are expected to be completed by 2024. In February Janes


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The Ukrainian armed forces have acquired and fielded a range of electronic warfare (EW) systems in r...

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