UK air force chiefs are moving to counter so-called anti-access/area denial (A2AD) 'missile bubbles' by applying artificial intelligence (AI), as well as new weapons, equipment, tactics, and improvements in training.
Air Commodore Julian Ball, the UK Royal Air Force's (RAF's) assistance chief of staff for capability and force development, told an audience at the 2019 DSEI exhibition on 9 September that the threat from hostile missile systems, such as the Russian Almaz-Antey S-400 air-defence system, NPO Bastion-P anti-ship missile, and KBM Iskander tactical ballistic missile, required a response.
"Our access to future operational environments is being challenged," he said. "This is our collective endeavour.
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