Russian naval and air forces began the second in a new series of power projection exercises in the Baltic Sea on 1 August.
The exercise, dubbed ‘Ocean Shield 2019’, involves 49 combat ships, 20 support vessels, and 58 aircraft drawn from the Baltic, Black Sea, and Northern fleets and the Caspian Flotilla, according to the Russian Ministry of Defence.
Most of the participating ships also took part in the Russian Navy Day Parade in waters around St Petersburg and Kronshtadt on 28 July.
Signalling the start of the exercise, Russian Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu said the ‘Ocean Shield’ series would now be a regular feature of the Russian Navy’s annual training cycle.
Want to read more? For analysis on this article and access to all our insight content, please enquire about our subscription options at ihsmarkit.com/janes