Russian Industry and Trade Minister Denis Manturov has told media that research and development (R&D) for the S-500 long-range surface-to-air missile system is in its final phase, the TASS news agency reported on 24 April. "I'm talking about the completion of research and development and the subsequent beginning of batch production. I can now say that the R&D work is about to be completed," Manturov is quoted as saying.
TASS also said Russian Defence Minister Sergei Shoigu had earlier said that the system would begin to be provided to the armed forces in 2020.
The Aerospace Force Academy in Tver has been training operators for the system since 2017.
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