Terrorism & Insurgency

SVBIED indicates improving Kashmiri separatist capability and increased likelihood of India-Pakistan cross-border fire ahead of Indian elections

15 February 2019


On 14 February, at least 44 Indian soldiers were killed in a suicide vehicle-borne improvised explosive device (SVBIED) attack against a Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) convoy in Latoomode, near Awantipora in India's Jammu and Kashmir state.

The Kashmiri separatist group Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM) claimed responsibility in a video that showed the attacker to be a local Kashmiri fighter. This was the largest attack carried out by JeM in terms of fatalities, according to Jane's Terrorism and Insurgency Centre (JTIC).

The use of VBIEDs and suicide tactics by Kashmiri separatists is rare: since 2009, JTIC has recorded 297 explosive attacks in Jammu and Kashmir, only four of which were vehicular-borne (and with no SVBIEDs) prior to the 14 February attack.

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