The National Liberation Army (Ejército de Liberación Nacional: ELN) is due to resume hostilities against the state on 4 January following a temporary, unilateral ceasefire during the Christmas and New Year period (23 December to 3 January).
The insurgency was responsible for most terrorist incidents recorded in 2018, particularly those affecting commercial infrastructure. These included at least 93 improvised explosive device (IED) attacks on pipelines and 12 attacks on electricity pylons. The tempo of attacks increased in 2018 compared with 2017, the year that Colombia’s once largest insurgent group, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia: FARC) began demobilising; 63 pipeline attacks and no pylon attacks were recorded that year.
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