The United Nations has documented a sharp increase in the number of civilian casualties in Afghanistan caused by the use of improvised explosive devices (IEDs) by anti-government forces.
In a special report released on 7 October the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) stated that IEDs caused almost half of all civilian casualties from conflict-related violence in the Central Asian country between 1 January and 30 September 2018, and "are being increasingly used in attacks targeting civilians".
The incidents have primarily involved what UNAMA referred to as the "indiscriminate" use of suicide and non-suicide IEDs designed to detonate among crowds of civilians.
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