Soldiers and police ceded access to 13 May Square in the centre of Madagascan capital Antananarivo on 23 April after initially blocking it on a third successive day of opposition protests.
On 21 April, security forces fired tear gas then rubber bullets and live ammunition as they struggled to contain a crowd of several thousand, some throwing rocks. Two people died, according to government sources, but protest organisers say at least five were killed. A smaller crowd occupied the square the following day, after soldiers had left. The demonstrations were organised by supporters of Andry Rajoelina and Marc Ravalomanana, who held the presidency before incumbent Hery Rajaonarimampianina.
Want to read more? For analysis on this article and access to all our insight content, please enquire about our subscription options at ihs.com/contact