Country Risk

Upcoming elections increase risk of cross-border exchanges between India and Pakistan in Kashmir and northern Punjab

01 March 2018


On 28 February, Indian media reported that the Indian military had fired heavy artillery across the Line of Control (LoC) in Kashmir’s Uri sector for the first time in 15 years during skirmishes with Pakistani forces in the area earlier that month.

The report, which IHS Markit assesses to be credible, cited unidentified Indian security officials and claimed that 155 mm howitzers – probably Haubits FH77s – were used in response to intensified Pakistani military firing that was allegedly undertaken to cover militants infiltrating into Indian-controlled territory.

India and Pakistan agreed a ceasefire in 2003 along the LoC, and the cross-border exchanges of fire would be considered a violation of this agreement.

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