• Libya deteriorates as factions vie for power

    Two competing governments, myriad militias, and a growing Islamic State presence are tearing Libya apart. Richard Cochrane assesses three potential scenarios for the country's future amid increasing factionalism, political stalemate, and economic crisis.
  • Pharma firms aim to reduce bio-warfare threat

    Private companies are increasingly investing in the development of biological weapon countermeasures. Mark Hollis and John Eldridge examine the evolving threat of bio-warfare and bio-terrorism, and the challenges faced by the commercial sector.
  • Second centrifuge hall in use in North Korea

    North Korea appears to have brought a second hall of uranium enrichment centrifuges into service at its Yongbyon site. Nick Hansen examines the evidence of operational activity and the implications for Pyongyang's civil and military nuclear programmes.
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  • Middle East conflict raises risk of epidemics

    Key Points The 2015 refugee crisis in Europe has highlighted disease risks from conflict zones and the danger of outbreaks among refugees and, to a lesser extent, host populations. The conflict in Syria has raised the in-country risk from pathogens including measles, polio, and cutaneous


  • Air-Boss Lightweight Overboot (ALO)

    Type Individual protection - Body protection. Development The AirBoss Lightweight Overboot (ALO) was developed to provide various armed forces worldwide, including the Canadian Department of National Defense, the US Department of Defense DoD (as the AFS) and the UK Ministry of Defence (as the NBC

  • AirBoss CBRN moulded glove (AMG)

    Type Individual protection - Body protection. Development The AirBoss-Defense CBRN Moulded Glove (AMG) was developed in collaboration with the Canadian Government to offer protection against Chemical Warfare agents (CWAs), Biological Warfare agents (BWAs) and a large variety of Toxic Industrial

  • C4 CBRN Gas Mask

    Type Individual protection - Masks general issue. Development The Airboss C4 CBRN gas mask was developed according to the CBRN requirements of the Canadian Armed Forces. Further engineering changes during its development phase were prompted by field trial testing during Operation Desert Storm, in

  • Chemring Defence - Simulator Projectile Airburst Liquid (SPAL)

    Description Originally produced in the United Kingdom by Brock's Explosive Development Ltd, the Simulator Projectile Airburst Liquid (SPAL) Chemical is now produced by Chemring Defence UK. SPAL is designed to simulate chemical weapon spray and liquid-filled airburst weapons by projecting a