On 21 September, about 8,000 protesters demonstrated in Manila to mark the 45th anniversary of the 1972 declaration of martial law by former president Ferdinand Marcos.
Students, indigenous groups, religious groups, and labour unions used the occasion to protest against incumbent president Rodrigo Duterte's imposition of martial law in Mindanao and the anti-drugs campaign, which has involved the deaths of thousands of civilians including at least 50 minors, according to local non-governmental organisations. Protesters gathered at the Malacañang presidential palace and then moved through the streets to Rizal Park; smaller protests were also held across the country. The government declared the day to be a "National Day of Protest" and suspended public offices and public schools.
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