NATO declared its enhanced Forward Presence (eFP) battlegroups in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Poland fully operational on 28 August.
The announcement follows the declaration of the Canadian-led eFP battlegroup as "fully interoperable and combat effective" after the completion of its certification exercise (CERTEX) held at Camp Ādaži, Latvia, on 21–27 August.
This was the first exercise involving all the national contingents of the battlegroup, which additionally include Albania, Italy, Poland, Slovenia, and Spain.
The Canadian-led battlegroup is the fourth to complete its CERTEX, following the battlegroups led by Germany in Lithuania, the US in Poland, and the UK in Estonia.
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