On 15 August, Moscow belatedly followed Minsk's invitation in July to arms inspectors and defence attachés from NATO and non-NATO countries, and international organisations, to view the stages of the 'Zapad 2017' joint strategic exercise on its territory. Russia is in the midst of processing its own selection of invitations, limited to 18–19 September and to Moscow-accredited attachés only. The two invitations and their associated programmes are entirely separate.
The exercise will take place on 14–20 September and is billed to involve 13,000 troops, although analysts believe the manoeuvres may involve a far higher number.
Belarus's invitations include Norway on a reciprocal basis, as well as Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, the United States, and Poland.
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