Country Risk

Turkish referendum protests likely limited to isolated urban pockets, causing minimal collateral damage and cargo disruption risks

20 April 2017


On 19 April 2017, Turkey's Higher Election Council (YSK) announced its decision to reject appeals made by opposition parties for the annulment of the 16 April constitutional referendum.

The referendum, which had resulted in a narrow 51.4% approval for President Recep Tayyip Erdogan's ambition to establish an executive presidency, was marred by allegations of fraud.

Turkey's electoral statutes allow the appellants no provision for recourse to a higher judicial body, such as the Constitutional Court, rendering the YSK's decision final. Meanwhile, opposition protests, which started on the evening of 16 April, continued for a fourth consecutive day with gradually increasing numbers of participants.

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