CONTENT PREVIEW
Weapons

Russia develops improved-range 220 mm rocket for TOS-1A system

06 December 2016

Key Points

  • The new 220 mm unguided rocket has the same dimensions as the 220 mm MO-1.01.04M rocket but features a more effective thermobaric warhead as well as increased range out to 10,000 m
  • It is assumed that the new generation 220 mm rocket will be backwards compatible with the currently deployed 220 mm (24-round) TOS-1A rocket launcher

Russia's Splav Scientific Production Concern has confirmed that it has developed a new generation 220 mm unguided rocket for use with the TOS-1A 220 mm (24-round) rocket system currently deployed by the Russian Army.

Cutaway model of the Splav Scientific Production Concern 220 mm MO-1.01.04M unguided rocket showing the blunt nose with the thermobaric warhead to the immediate rear, which takes up about two-thirds of the rocket, and with the propellant at the very rear. The three rockets above are for use with the widely deployed 122 mm BM-21 (40-round) rocket system. (Christopher F Foss)Cutaway model of the Splav Scientific Production Concern 220 mm MO-1.01.04M unguided rocket showing the blunt nose with the thermobaric warhead to the immediate rear, which takes up about two-thirds of the rocket, and with the propellant at the very rear. The three rockets above are for use with the widely deployed 122 mm BM-21 (40-round) rocket system. (Christopher F Foss)

In Russian Army service the TOS-1A 220 mm (24-round) rocket system is referred to as the Solntsepek heavy flamethrower system.

The new 220 mm unguided rocket has the same dimensions as the currently deployed 220 mm MO-1.01.04M rocket but features a more effective thermobaric warhead as well as increased range out to 10,000 m. The MO-1.01.04M rocket has a stated maximum range of 6,000 m, which in some tactical situations means that the TOS-1A system can fall within the range of threat weapons, including some of the longer range anti-tank guided weapons. With the new 220 mm rocket, the TOS-1A system will be able to engage targets from a greater distance, which increases its survivability against direct fire threats.

IHS Jane's understands that the new 220 mm rocket has a new thermobaric (fuel air explosive) warhead mixture and a new type of solid propellant, which has enabled an increase in range without increasing the overall size of the rocket. New thermobaric warheads have also been developed for use with the Splav Scientific Production Concern 300 mm BM 9A52 (12-round) Smerch multiple rocket system. These include the 300 mm 9M55S unguided rocket with a maximum range of 70 km and the latest 9M530 unguided rocket, which has a maximum range of 90 km.

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