Russia is turning Kaliningrad into an anti-access/area denial (A2/AD) "fortress" capable of paralysing allied operations or defensive moves in their northeastern region, say national defence ministry and NATO officials. This will substantially boost Moscow's ability to coerce the Baltic states and Poland, they said.
"The situation in the Baltic region is changing because the Russians are carrying out huge-scale military reform with new types of forces modernised with relatively good weapons and fighting concepts, and a centralised command and control," said Daivis Petraitis, deputy director of international relations and operations, at Lithuania's Defence ministry. "In a quite short time we will have a strong fortress [Kaliningrad] placed in the middle of our region with a strong military component that could project power from any direction."
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