Air-Launched Weapons

UK retires ALARM missile

21 January 2014
A Royal Air Force Panavia Tornado GR.4 strike aircraft carrying two ALARM missiles on underwing hardpoints. (Jamie Hunter)

The UK Ministry of Defence (MoD) has confirmed the final retirement of the Air-Launched Anti-Radiation Missile (ALARM), a move which leaves the Royal Air Force (RAF) without a dedicated defence suppression weapon.

Developed by what was British Aerospace Dynamics - later subsumed into MBDA - ALARM was developed under Air Staff Requirement 1228 to provide RAF Tornados with a defence suppression capability. Completing development trials in October 1990, the missile made its operational debut in the 1991 Gulf War, with more than 120 missiles fired as part of Operation 'Granby'.

ALARM was subsequently used in support of NATO's Operation 'Allied Force' over Serbia and Kosovo in 1999.

An ALARM seeker mid-life update, introduced to meet Staff Requirement (Air) 1247, saw an improved anti-radiation homing seeker enter service in the early 2000s. This version of ALARM was employed by Tornado GR.4 aircraft during Operation 'Telic' in 2003.

In a statement to IHS Jane's , the MoD confirmed that "the ALARM missile, used for the Suppression of Enemy Air Defences [SEAD], was retired from service at the end of December 2013".

It added: "UK armed forces have a range of capabilities that can be used to counter enemy air defence, including kinetic strikes via long-range cruise missiles, such as Tomahawk and Storm Shadow, and a multitude of highly effective precision air-to-ground weapons.

"Additionally, it is likely that we will work with our international partners on future major operations overseas and will therefore manage all of our capabilities as part of that coalition."



(250 words)
By posting a comment you confirm that you have read and accept our Posting Rules and our Terms of Use of this site.

RELEVANT PROFILE LISTINGS

  • 3M51 Alfa

    Type High-speed land-attack cruise missile. Development The 3M51 Alfa (P-900) is a hypersonic cruise missile developed by NPO Mashinostroyenia (NPO Mash), formerly the Chelomey design bureau. It was first revealed in public in 1993 and several concept models and mock-ups were exhibited before the

  • AGM-130

    Type Powered stand-off weapon. Development The AGM-130 was a second-generation stand-off weapon, conceived in the post-Vietnam era of the late 1970s as a modular, heavyweight precision missile. It was essentially a powered version of the earlier GBU-15 weapon, to be used against a variety of

  • AGM-65 Maverick

    Type TV, laser and infra-red guided air-to-surface missile. Development The AGM-65 Maverick family of air-to-surface missiles was developed by Hughes in the mid-1960s and first delivered to the US Air Force in 1972. Many different variants of the missile were adopted across the US armed forces

  • Hakeem (PGM-500, PGM-2000)

    Type Powered stand-off weapon. Development The family of weapons produced by MBDA as the PGM series (export name) was developed to meet a unique national requirement for the United Arab Emirates Air Force (UAEAF). At the beginning of the 1980s the UAE made discrete approaches to a number of

  • Kh-59M, Kh-59ME Ovod-M (AS-18 'Kazoo')

    Type Powered stand-off weapon Development Raduga's (now part of JSC Tactical Missiles Corporation) Kh-59M missile (NATO codename AS-18 'Kazoo') is an extended range stand-off weapon first seen in public in the early 1990s. Its Russian name was Ovod-M (Ovod, gadfly). M signifies moderniziroveniy

ADVERTISEMENT

Industry Links

IHS Jane's is not responsible for the content within or linking from Industry Links pages.
ADVERTISEMENT